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Muay Thai And Muay Boron




In the late eighteenth century, during one of the many wars between the Kingdom of Burma and the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya (in modern-day *Thailand), a famed Thai boxer named Nai Khanomtom and several of his comrades were captured and held in Burma. After seven years of captivity, the Burmese king organized a festival. He wanted to see his Burmese boxers fared against the Thai boxers. Nai Khanomtom was chosen to represent the Thais against the Burmese champion. As is custom, Khanomtom opened the fight with his Wai Kru dance—this mystified the Burmese, who had never seen one before. He then brutally knocked out the Burmese champion. The Burmese thought the Wai Kru was some sort of black magic which had aided him, and the king ordered that he face more Burmese boxers. Man after man fell. The tenth Burmese boxer to face Khanomtom was a champion, but was mangled by Khanomtom's kicks and was knocked out just as the previous nine had been. After seeing this, no Burmese fighter dared step into the ring with him. The Burmese king was impressed with Nai Khanomtom, and is believed to have said, "Every part of the Siamese is blessed with venom. Even with his bare hands, he can fell nine or ten opponents. But his Lord was incompetent and lost the country to the enemy. If he had been any good, there was no way the City of Ayutthaya would ever have fallen." The Burmese king granted Nai Khanomtom his freedom along with the choice of two beautiful Burmese women or a large sum of gold (Khanomtom took the wives, saying that money was much easier to find) and his triumph is celebrated every year on March 17 in Thailand as National Muay Thai Day. However, the martial art that Khanomtom used was not called "Muay Boran." There are several old styles that were developed in various regions of Thailand that are now lumped into the term Muay Boran (literally "Ancient Boxing"), such as "Muay Chaiya," "Mae Mai Muay Thai," "Muay Lopburi," and "Muay Korat." But regardless on which regional variant it was, both have been driven to near-extinction due to the popularity of the ring sport we now know as "Muay Thai" (or, "Thai Boxing").


Muay boran was originally developed for self-defense and also taught to the Thai military for use in warfare. Matches between exponents of the art then began to be held. These soon became an integral part of Thai culture with fights being held at festivals and fighters from the different areas of Thailand testing their styles against each other. Fighters began to wrap their hands and forearms in hemp rope which not only protected their fists from injury but also made their strikes more likely to cut an opponent. Muay boran fighters were highly respected and the best were enlisted into the King's royal guard. During the 1920s-30s King Rama VII modernized the Thai martial arts competitions, introducing referees, boxing gloves, rounds and western boxing rings. Many of the traditional muay boran techniques were banned or were not practical with the addition of the new rules, and so muay boran went into decline.




The Nine Chamber Fist Academy incorporates the style of Muay Boran into the school as the system its self is a rare treasure that embodies the ancient culture of Thailand. In ancient times Thailand being surrounded by the country's of China and India had both influence their cultures and has been influenced by them on may levels, especially with the introduction of Buddhism and Brahmanism to the country after it began to decline in from India its self. Just as many other country's before the culture and history of the nation has been held and passed on through the use of its Martial Arts. By treating the style of Muay Boran in the same method as the Chinese Martial Arts we can learn much about our selves and the universe we are part of and not just the aspect of fighting as has been exaggerated in the new adaptation of the style called Muay Thai. Although this ancient system has been all but lost in the world and kept only by a very recluse selection of individuals in its mother country there are still many Muay Thai schools that teach small parts of the old style that have been passed on, these however have never been kept as a whole system and often overlooked by those who practice them as something much less than spiritual or important to pass on. In these times however I feel that these small collections of the ancient art are in fact more worth while than the fighting concepts themselves. Over the last fourteen years the Academy Of The Nine Chamber Fist have collected, studied and practices tirelessly these small portions of the system and traditional training drills, we have brought them together to make a complete system of Muay Boran that embodies the whole being of what the art used to be when it was first created. Although not truly original and passed on from the creators, it may well be the closes we will ever come to the original style in the modern world. Pieced together and given its true essence back to it, like blowing air onto dying embers we hope to keep this very sacred martial art alive for future generations.




Muay Boran as a system is a very unique style. Focusing on the strength of the individual and making the ultimate defence before learning to then attack from this strong position. The body must first become conditioned to taking blow after blow and remain steady like a mountain until the opportunity arises to spring into action like a butterfly dancing around its opponent to find an opening. Embracing the opposite characteristics of the planet and the animals of the world like the Elephant, the Ox and the Bird the style uses the whole body as a devastating weapon of iron. The Feet, Shins, Hips, Shoulders, Elbows, Forearms, Hands and Head are all used in its attacks and must be strong enough to receive the same amount of force they are expected to give out. Through this our physical body becomes almost invincible to harm but at the same time a perfect balance between strength and flexibility is achieved. The system is not all about the body however, the essence of becoming balanced in mind and joining with the world the practitioner occupies is a high priority, teaching techniques of Buddhist meditations and energy building to become at piece with ones self. The Thai style is in every aspect equal to that of its Chinese sister styles and should be respected as such.




Muay Boran Teaching Syllabus




Our System Of Muay Boran has twelve levels of development, six are for learning the techniques of the system and six are to learn how to teach the style to individuals on the future. This is a very important aspect as teaching its self is a special skill and takes just as much practice and dedication as the techniques themselves. To learn the style is one thing, to learn how to teach the style is truly a marvellous achievement.










BEGINNER CLASS




Level 1 Kru (white arm band)


Movements and Foot Work


Forward step, Backwards Step, Side Step, Tiger step, Dragon step, Stem step, Shuffle step, Switch step, Duck, Weave, Pull back.





Level 2 Kru (yellow arm band)


Punches and Kicks


Jab, Punch, Uppercut, Body hook, Head hook, Over hand, Outside punch, Double uppercut, Double over hand,


Push kick, Low round kick, Mid round kick, High round kick, Switch kick, Sweep, Side kick, Butterfly kick, Up kick, Back kick,





Level 3 Kru (orange arm band)


Elbows and Knees


Upwards Elbow, Horizontal Elbow, diagonal Elbow, Downwards Elbow, Thrusting Elbow, Double Downwards Elbow, Spinning Elbow, Climbing Elbow,


Up Knee, Front Knee, Side Knee, Passing Knee, Jumping Knee. Climbing Knee.





INTERMEDIATE CLASS


(once you have your lv3 you can enter this class)





Level 4 Kru (red arm band)


Clinch


Enter clinch from one hand, Enter clinch from 2 hands, Neutral clinch changing, Clinch knees, Clinch uppercut, Clinch over hand, Clinch head lock, Clinch into arm grab,


Clinch hip throw, Clinch head grab, Clinch into head lock.





Various striking combinations given by the instructor.





Level 5 Kru (purple arm band)


Counter Attacks, The Major and Minor Moves of Muay Boron.


cross stitch – outside arm break from a jab


bird peeping through nest – inside double block from a jab


chowa throws spear – duck right throw over head left elbow to face from a jab


lnao stabs his grish – from jab block with left and throw right elbow


lifting the sumeru mountain – step with right leg into squat and throw right uppercut to chin from a punch jab


old man holding a melon – fire block upward with right arm


mon supports the pillar – from a jab use a push kick


impaling the stake – block high round kick with elbow


crocodile sweeps its tail - from jab spinning butterfly kick


breaking the elephants tusks – catch a kick with the left elbow the leg with right


serpent twists its tail – 2 hand block on foot from kick, twist and knee the knee


bird sumersaults - push kick against a kick


extigushing the lamps – block jab downwards with right, left over hand


the giant catches the monkey – defend multiple attacks,


breaking the elephants neck – block a jab pull neck down to a knee





elephant thrusting its tusk – right hand fire block with an uppercut inside


foot touches face – face kick against a punch


giant steals the girl – side step to hip throw


rama pulls the bow string – fire block to a downwards elbow with uppercut.


Tiger crosses the stream – dodge a kick and kick the knee


deer looks back – miss round kick second back kick to ribs


hiran overturns the mointain – from round kick, turn into it with both forearms then back fist


sepent snaks into the ocean kingdom – high kick defence, kick there knee


hunan presents the ring – ducking double uppercut to chin from a punch


vietnamese casting a fishing net – deflect kick to outside and kick underneath of leg


tayn supports the pillar – defence round kick, stay inside and push kick to knee


swan with broken wings – inside block to jab, then elbow with other hand horizontal


threading the flower garland – fire block but hit with upwards elbow to chest


monk follower sweeps the floor – sweep the leg from a high kick


sclicing the cucumber – fire block with an upwards elbow to the face





Ability to make your own striking combinations fluently and with good foot work and power,





ADVANCED CLASS


(once you have your lv5 you can then enter this class)




Level 6 Kru (black arm band)


Show improved skill in all previous levels and to be able to apply all techniques in fluent free fighting and sparing (motions must be without thought only feeling)




TEACHING LEVELS


(once you have your lv6 you can then train to be an instructor)




Level 7 Kru (black white arm band)


Assistant Instructor




Level 8 Kru (black yellow arm band)


Instructor of Beginners Classes




Level 9 Kru (black orange arm band)


Instructor of Intermediate Classes




Level 10 Kru (black red arm band)


Instructor of Advanced Classes




Level 11 Kru (black blue arm band)


Instructor of Instructors




Level 12 Kru (Black green arm band)


Higher Level Training such as Body mechanics, Internal power and energy, Meditation,







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